As trucks travel interstate highways, onboard sensors collect, send and receive information via cloud-based fleet management systems.
According to the 2015 DHL and Cisco Internet of Things Trend Report over the next decade, the IoT in logistics is expected to generate $1.9 trillion in value, part of an overall $8 trillion in IoT value generated globally. Also as per the report, the logistics industry will try to come out of larger operational efficiency problems as IoT devices connect in real time the millions of shipments moved, tracked and stored each day.
In warehousing, IoT enabled connected pallets and products will enterprise smarter inventory management, enhanced service and lower costs.
Mobile devices like smartphones and tablets can remove fences to building, retrieving and sharing the data that’s generated by connecting trucks to the Internet of Things.
Connected Vehicles Carry Data
With IoT logistics, track and trace of cargos will be faster, accurate, predictive and secure; while analytics from a connected fleet can predict asset failure and schedule maintenance checks automatically. Connecting drivers and delivery personnel with surrounding vehicles and people can help optimize to drive efficiency gains.
Today, trucks are becoming a mobile node in the Internet of Things, a two-way connection between the driver and the dispatcher that reduces costs and delays and delivers greater visibility to shippers and trucking companies.
Transport companies, shippers and drivers benefit from IoT logistics data that’s now available to them from mobile devices in the fleet.
Connected with high-speed cellular network and internet from sensors on trucks, dispatchers can measure real-time fuel efficiency, and how drivers operate their trucks – application of brake, Fuel efficiency etc
With the help of IoT fleet management systems can endorse the optimal speed for a route and how to maximize mileage. GPS-equipped systems track driver routes, time spent loading and unloading and help manage hours of service compliance. User-generated input via smartphones and tablets can help truckers better planning of route.
Sensor-equipped trucks can also tell maintenance crews when it’s time to bring a truck in for servicing brakes, tires, oil and other critical systems. With onboard sensors, the maintenance team can bring a truck in for service long before it might be sidelined by unexpected failures.
How IoT can help Drivers?
Drivers after driving long hauls on the road aided by a smartphone or tablet in the cab, many drivers won’t haul a load without an electronic logging device (ELD).
IoT-linked trucks can help Drivers do their trips faster and safer. ELDs can dramatically cut the time spent filling out paper logbooks to comply with hours of service regulations. Load optimization, turnarounds can be quicker with freight and locations that are tagged with RFID, NFC or Bluetooth.
Drivers can use tablets or mobiles for electronic vehicle inspection reports, get basic troubleshooting and service instruction from their off shore team, stay up to date with training and communication in their off-duty hours.
In mobile reports or dash boards can be crated for managers and drivers for performance analysis. Many solutions are provided in data analytics to manage the growing data stream. For example app can be created for Tracking, monitoring truck driver location and speed and provides exception reporting if drivers perform unsafe moves or exceed speed etc.,.
Visibility with IoTized Cargo and Trucks
Beyond smart trucks, the next evolution of IoT logistics will see the entire supply chain linked with connected things.
With dropping costs for smart tags, pallets will exchange data to trailers, containers will exchange data to trucks and trucks could exchange data to trucks. Telematics sensors in trucks and multi sensor tags on items transmit data on location, condition and if a package has been attempted pilferage, tilted and temperature variations. Sensors that measure the capacity of each load can provide additional insight into spare capacity in vehicles.
The IoT data could then colonized in a dashboard that focuses on ascertaining excess capacity on specific routes, analytics could recommend suggestions for consolidating and optimizing the route.
With each mile stone connected to the cloud, there will be an unparalleled level of supply chain visibility from origin to destination and each and every step in between dock to dock delivery.
IoT is solutions are the hottest trend in logistics and distribution, this will increase the productivity of 3PL’s and these solutions will radically remove the dares faced by the 3PL’s in these segments.
HCL is also focusing in building new solutions and propositions to meet increasing customer expectations in the 3PL industry.