Sheet metal components are widely applied in modern aircraft engines industry. Sheet metal is simply, the metal formed into thin and flat pieces. It is one of the fundamental forms used in metalworking and can be cut and bent into a variety of different shapes. Countless everyday objects are constructed with sheet metal. The thickness can vary significantly; extremely thin sheets are considered foil or leaf, and pieces thicker than 6 mm (0.25 in) are considered plate.
Sheet metal also has applications in car bodies, airplane engines, medical tables, roofs for buildings (Architectural) and many other things. Sheet metal of iron and other materials with high magnetic permeability, also known as laminated steel cores, has applications in transformers and electric machines. Historically, an important use of sheet metal was in plate armour worn by cavalry, and sheet metal continues to have many decorative uses, including in horse tack. Sheet metal workers are also known as "Tin Bashers", ("Tin Knockers") which is derived from the hammering of panel seams when installing tin roofs. In the course of this whitepaper, a detailed theoretical analysis of the methods of deep drawing with differentiated heating was carried out.